Entries tagged [cells]
by Health Please
Posted on 11:34AM Sep 19, 2018 in General
Type 1 Diabetes Kills Cells in the Body: Are they useful ones?
Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic disease that destroys the body’s ability to produce insulin, a hormone used to break down and store energy from foods, in the Body in the form of glucose or sugar. In the absence of insulin, high levels of fat and glucose remain in the bloodstream. In the long run, this can severely damage the vital body organs. Type 1 Diabetes, earlier referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, is normally caused at any age and is most frequently diagnosed during adulthood. In India, around 97,000 children have been affected by this condition. There is no specific known cause of Type 1 diabetes. Attempts to find specific causes have left scientists often bewildered, as no amount of research has enabled them to know the exact causes. However, after extensive research and lab tests using modern lab testing software and other techniques, the scientists have started to believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors are responsible for causing this condition, which approximately forms around 5 percent of the total population affected by diabetes in general.
The symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include dehydration, weight loss, and diabetic ketoacidosis. The presence of extra sugar in the blood stream makes the patient visit the washroom more often and through frequent urination, the patient keeps losing a lot of water from the body, and that leads to dehydration. The glucose that goes out of the body with urine also takes with it a lot of calories, which is precisely why a lot of people with diabetes get into a phase where they lose a lot of weight. With absence of insulin due to the absence of islet cells, the body never has glucose at its disposal to break down for energy. Thus, to find itself a source of energy, the body starts breaking down fat cells, which in turn creates a chemical called ketones. The liver releases stored that goes unused, and this gets stored up in the blood along with the acidic ketones.
This combination of blood sugar and ketones is called ketoacidosis and it can be life threatening if not treated immediately. As mentioned above, the type 1 diabetes indirectly damages your body by affecting vital organs over a period of time. To be specific, high glucose levels in the blood start affecting small blood vessels in eyes, kidneys and heart, which is exactly why we hear many diabetes patients losing vision over time, while other few experience kidney failure and heart related diseases.Read More