Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Symptoms, Causes, Complications and Treatment

by Health Please

Posted on 12:30PM Jul 03, 2018 in Technology

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Symptoms, Causes, Complications and Treatment |

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a common disorder of the large intestine causing signs and symptoms that include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation, or both. What is surprising is that although quite a lot of the people suffer from IBS, only a very few come up with severe signs and symptoms. It is also worth to be noted that these symptoms can be controlled by a good management of diet, lifestyle and stress. Only the more severe symptoms need medications and counseling.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome is not life threatening and it doesn’t make you prone or susceptible to conditions such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, or colon cancer. However, it is a long lasting problem and leads to several absences from work or school. It is also found to be more common in women that in men and also seen in late teens to late forties age group more often.

Signs and symptoms of IBS:

Signs and symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome vary. However, the common ones are as follows:

  • Abdominal pain, cramping, or bloating which is relieved by passing bowel movements.
  • Excessive gas or flatulence
  • Diarrhea or constipation or both
  • Mucus in the stool

There are times when there can be severe symptoms and then there can be total disappearance of symptoms

Is it time to see a doctor?

You must know that it is time to see a doctor when you experience very severe signs and symptoms. Some of the serious signs and symptoms that you must know are:

  • Weight loss
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Unexplained vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent pain unrelieved by passing stool or gas


The typical cause is still unknown but there are various theories believed to be causing Irritable bowel syndrome. These include excessive contractions of muscles of the intestines, infection in the bowels, inflammation of bowels, change in the healthy flora of the gut and so on.

However, what is important to know is that Stress, Food and Hormones trigger the symptoms of IBS. So keeping a check on what triggers the symptoms helps in terms of food habits. Similarly, stress aggravates though it doesn’t cause the symptoms. Also, women find that their symptoms get worse in and around their periods.

Sometimes, genes have been shown to play a role too.

Complications of IBS:

  • Excessive diarrhea or constipation may lead to hemorrhoids
  • Research indicates people with IBS miss many days at work / school. Hence the quality of life is affected.
  • IBS leads to anxiety and depression, which in turn worsens the condition too

Management of IBS:

Mild signs and symptoms can be controlled by management of stress, lifestyle and dietary patterns such as:

  • Avoid foods that trigger your symptoms
  • Eat high fiber foods
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Regular exercise
  • Good amount of sleep and rest

If symptoms are severe it is good to:

  • Avoid foods such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower
  • Avoid caffeine and caffeinated drinks
  • Avoid Gluten (wheat, barley, rye)
  • Eat frequent small meals
  • Exercise regularly
  • Practice Mindfulness and meditation to combat stress

-Dr. Reshma Sagari
Homeopathy & Bach Flower Expert | Wellness Coach

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